Mutual Interference Mitigation Schemes on Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs): A Survey  
  Authors : Elham Shammar; Sharaf Alhomdy; Malek Al-gabri


WBANs consist of a number of miniaturized sensors that are primarily used to monitor the patient's vital parameters over a long period of time. Those wirelessly connected sensors and actuators placed inside or around the body to introduce a continuous, effective, and unobtrusive monitoring of physiological signs to support medical applications, lifestyle, and entertainment. However, because of the coexistence of other wireless technologies as well as the presence of many WBANs in the same area, interference can occur. Since WBAN networks are used in health care applications, loss of data because of interference will be particularly dangerous for critical medical applications. Therefore, it is extremely important to mitigate this interference to ensure reliable data communication. This survey will firstly provide an up-to-date view of WBAN interference. Then, it will introduce a comparative study on the mutual interference mitigation schemes with considering the taken approach either MAC or power control.


Published In : IJCAT Journal Volume 5, Issue 10

Date of Publication : October 2018

Pages : 133-147

Figures :03

Tables :03

Publication Link :Mutual Interference Mitigation Schemes on Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs): A Survey




Eng. Elham Ali Shammar : received her Bachelor degree in Computer Science/Software Engineering, Sana'a University, Faculty of Science in 2009. She has been working as a university instructor since 2011 in Sana'a University, Faculty of Science. Currently, she is a postgraduate student on the Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Computer and Information Technology (FCIT), Sana'a University, Yemen.

Dr. Sharaf Abdulhak Alhomdy : born on 20/01/1971, Alsena, Taiz, Republic of Yemen. He has got his Ph.D. in Computer Science, Pune University, India, 2009. He was an Assistant Prof. in IT Department, Faculty of Computer and Information Technology (FCIT), Sana'a University since 2009 up to 2015. Recently, he is promoted to Associate Professor in June 2015, FCIT, Sana'a University, Yemen. He was a Vice-Dean for students' affairs, FCIT, Sana'a University, Yemen, (2012- 2016). He is an author of a number of papers.

Dr. Malek Nasser Al-gabri : born in 1981, Blad-Alros, Sana'a, Republic of Yemen. He received his Ph.D. in Computer Science & Technology, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, China, in 2013 as well as Master in Computer Science & Technology in 2010. He has been working in academic teaching at Faculty of Computer and Information Technology (FCIT) since 2014. He was a member of Accreditation & Quality Assurance Unit, FCIT, Sana'a University in 2014 and the head of Computer Science Department, FCIT, Sana'a University in (2015-2016). He is a Vice-Dean for students' affairs, FCIT, Sana'a University since 2016. He is an author of a number of papers.








WBAN, Coexistence, Interference, Mitigation, MAC, Power control















Interference is dangerous in WBAN networks because it affects WBANs' performance and reliability. In medical applications, it puts the patient's health at risk. Therefore, the adoption of interference mitigation plans is mandatory in WBAN design. In this survey, the coexistence of WBAN networks with respect to interference problems has been reviewed, the current mitigation plans for WBAN have been classified, and the WBAN mutual interference mitigation schemes were introduced and compared qualitatively. This survey has recommended a mitigation scheme that take the merits of the two discussed approaches, MAC approach and power control approach. Although many interference mitigation schemes are reported, there is no dominant scheme that outperforms other systems. There is a need for an analytical tradeoff between network throughput and power consumption. Quality of Service, Delay, Reliability, and network lifespan should also be considered with interference mitigation design.










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