Wireless Sensor Network: Characteristics and Architecture  
  Authors : Ifeanyi Obidike; Christopher Nwabueze; Kelechi Onwuzuruike


Wireless sensor network (WSN) as an emerging technology has eased life via its numerous applications. Research interests and attention have been drawn to WSN in the last decades. Exploring and finding better ways of improving the existing technology has been a continuous process. This paper presents a review on wireless sensor networks, covering WSN architecture to characteristics, advantages, several challenging issues of WSN, network topology and IEEE standards for physical layer of WSN.


Published In : IJCAT Journal Volume 5, Issue 8

Date of Publication : August 2018

Pages : 88-94

Figures :06

Tables :01

Publication Link :Wireless Sensor Network: Characteristics and Architecture




Engr. Obidike Anthony Ifeanyi : is a seasoned teacher in a renowned Federal Science and Technical College, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria. He obtained his B.ENG in Electrical Electronic Engineering in 2008 and M.Eng in Electronic & Computer Engineering in 2014, both from Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State. In 2012, he bagged in a Post graduate diploma in education (PGDE) from Usmanu Dan Fodio University Sokoto, Nigeria. He is currently pursuing a doctorate degree at the department of Electrical Electronic Engineering, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli, Nigeria. His research interest spans across signal processing, wireless sensor networks & energy harvesting. He is a member of COREN, member Nigerian Institute of Electrical Electronic Engineering, member Nigerian Society of Engineers, Member International Association of Engineers (IAENG), member International Association of Computer Science & Information Technology (IACSICT), member Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN)

Engr. Dr. Christopher Anayo Nwabueze : is an Associate Professor with versatile experience in electronics and telecommunication. He graduated from the Institute of Management and Technology, Enugu and proceeded to Howard University, Washington D.C., USA where he obtained his M. Eng. degree and later PhD from Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University where he is a Lecturer and has served the University in various capacities as Director, ICT, Head of Department (Electrical/Electronic Engineering) and Director, General Studies. His research interest includes but not limited to broadband communication networks, ad-hoc and sensor networks, energy harvesting, ultra wideband and ultra-low power networks and devices, microwave thermography and profiling, nano devices, systems and technology, as well as signal processing. Engr. Nwabueze is a Fellow of the Nigerian Institution of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, a Member of the Nigerian Society of Engineers, a Member of the Nigeria Computer Society, a Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, USA, a Member and Faculty Rep. of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, and a COREN Registered Engineer. His core competencies are in Electronics, Telecommunication, ICT, Software Engineering and Systems Design.

Engr Onwuzuruike Vital Kelechi : is a lecturer at the department of Electrical Electronic Engineering, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State. He graduated with a Bachelor of engineering degree from Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University. Uli, Anambra State in 2007, M.ENG in Electronic/Telecommunication Engineering department, University of Port Harcourt in 2011.His research interest include Adaptive antennas, wireless sensor network








WSN Architecture, Sensor Node, WSN Topology, Wireless Standard















WSNs in addition to being an emerging technology are becoming very relevant in the communication industry. Irrespective of the challenges and short falls, they are providing services that are essential in most common and everyday applications. Key features of reliability, security, energy efficiency, compatibility, etc. are always going to be faced but with research and advance in technology, the challenges can be met.










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