Underground Cable Fault Detection  
  Authors : Harshit Srivastava; Naveen Mishra; Prajjwal Srivastava


This paper proposes fault location model for underground power cable. The aim of this project is to determine the distance of underground cable fault from base station in km. Cable faults are damage to cables which affects the resistance in the cable. If allowed to persist, this can lead to a voltage breakdown. To locate a fault in the cable, the cable must first be tested for faults. This project uses the simple concept of ohm's law. When any fault like short circuit occurs, voltage drop will vary depending on the length of fault in cable, since the current varies. A set of resistors are therefore used to represent the cable and a dc voltage is fed at one end and the fault is detected by detecting the change in voltage using a analog to voltage converter and a microcontroller is used to make the necessary calculations so that the fault distance is displayed on the LCD display.


Published In : IJCAT Journal Volume 6, Issue 4

Date of Publication : April 2019

Pages : 14-15

Figures :02

Tables :--




Harshit Srivastava : Information Technology, SRM University, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh 201204, India.

Naveen Mishra : Information Technology, SRM University, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh 201204, India.

Prajjwal Srivastava : Information Technology, SRM University, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh 201204, India.























The aim of the project is to locate and identify and kind of fault in the power line. It ensures the quick solution and rectification of any kind fault and problem that may hinder the power line. Looking at the future potential of the topic it ensures the futuristic approach towards the development of technology that will ease the human daily load and life style. We can detect any kind of fault using the device. The device must be close enough for best detection of faults. It can be used for various transmission lines for detection of faults due to its efficiency, quick response, cheaper in cost and its cost effectiveness.










[1] Mr N. Sampathraja, Dr. L. Ashok Kumar IOT based underground cable fault detector. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET). [2] E. C. Bascom, "Computerized underground cable fault location expertise, "in Proc. IEEE Power Eng. Soc. General Meeting, Apr. 10-15,1994, pp. 376-382.J. Clerk Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, 3rded., vol. 2. Oxford: Clarendon, 1892, pp.68-73. [3] Md. Fakhrul Islam, Amanullah M T Oo, Salahuddin. A. Azad1, "Locating Underground Cable Faults: A Review and Guideline for New Development", 2013 IEEE. [4] Snehal R. Shinde , A. H. Karode and Dr. S. R. Suralkar, Review on IOT Based Environment Monitoring System, International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering and Technology.